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The Transparency Establishment’s Echo Chamber

12:16 pm in Uncategorized by MSPB Watch

The Office of Special Counsel was not, in fact, brought up in the FOIA Summit. OSC’s role in FOIA oversight is discussed here, here, and here. Asking why it wasn’t brought up is the same question as why some of the groups involved don’t seek additional funding for OSC, or inquire about its performance or the Merit Systems Protection Board’s performance.

It’s ironic that for all the discussions and plans to add processes and councils and such, an agency with the decades-old ability to strike fear into the hearts of bureaucrats is being overlooked by the transparency establishment. After all, FOIA law requires agencies to reveal their own dirty laundry themselves, and the element of blind trust in government is baked into that law.

I guess acknowledging that that trust is regularly abused is beyond the scope of the FOIA summit.

FAA May Be Trying to Evade Disclosure by Creating New FOIA Restrictions Announced via Litigation

9:26 pm in Uncategorized by MSPB Watch

Readers of my website, MSPB Watch, know that I have sued the Federal Aviation Administration earlier this year for withholding responsive documents required to be disclosed under the Freedom of Information Act.

My request asked for all documents pertaining to an assignment that I worked on while employed by the FAA. In that request, I suggested that responsive documents were “in the possession” of certain individuals, but I clarified that there might be others.

The FAA searched those individuals’ inboxes and one database, but nowhere else. The problem is that two of those individuals did not provide emails that are known to exist.

One individual, Richard Clarke, retired before I made my request, and so his account had been deleted. Another individual, Dale Roberts, suffered a computer malfunction; his inbox did not reveal anything; and, as was recently revealed in court documents, he chose not to enable his account’s archives feature.

During my administrative appeal, in October 2012, I reiterated my request for all documents related to the assignment and I said that “If such emails or other documents are not available, a reasonable search would involve any appropriate backup tapes or files.”

The FAA chose to ignore my appeal, so I sued, in January 2013.

In a motion for summary judgment dated March 11, the FAA raised the argument before the judge that its search was complete and that I am not entitled to a search of the backup tapes (or “disaster recovery tapes,” as it calls them) because…

And this is where it gets interesting.

In the March 11 filing, the FAA argued that I am not entitled to a search of the tapes because I did not “specifically” ask for it on request. It cited to the affidavit of Jeb Kreischer, a FOIA program analyst, who signed it under penalty of perjury. Mr. Kreischer did not support his assertion with any policies or documents.

In a response dated April 8, I pointed to a pair of Nov. 2011 letters sent by Victoria Wassmer, the Assistant Administrator for Finance and Management, to another requestor, in which she stated that “if a requestor believes that a search [of email accounts] is not sufficient, the requestor may request on appeal that a NEXTGEN [a/k/a disaster recovery tape] search for records be conducted.”

In other words, I caught Mr. Kreischer in an inconsistency.

In response to that, on April 22, via a supplemental declaration by Mr. Kreischer that was similarly unsubstantiated, the FAA doubled back on its previous assertion and stated that it doesn’t matter when a requestor asks for a tape search; rather, he needs to specifically reference “disaster recovery tapes” in his request.

Moreover, the FAA asserted that “[w]hen requesters state on appeal that they would like such a search, however, the FAA does not consider this statement part of the requesters’ original request.” This is important because if the FAA is late in responding to the “original request,” then it cannot assess search fees. But if the tape search is not part of the original request, then the FAA’s tardiness does not affect its ability to assess fees for the tapes (which can run into hundreds or thousands of dollars).

This is an end-run around the OPEN Government Act of 2007, in which Congress barred tardy agencies from assessing fees as an accountability measure.

That’s exactly what happened here – the FAA was late in responding to my request, but it tried to assess fees for the tapes anyway. I objected and requested it go ahead with its search. Now the issue is going to be decided by the court.

Here’s another red flag that should trouble any member of the public who is concerned about open government issues: the FAA’s assertions in court are actually an attempt to create ad hoc policy to govern when a tape search obligation is triggered. The problem, of course, is that it is attempting to dictate policy to a requestor in court, without giving him any advanced notice.

Does that trouble you? This kind of thing usually troubles the courts.

Next steps: I will be filing a response in court by May 6. Then the FAA and I will meet before the judge on May 17. And then he will render a decision.

By the way, the disaster recovery tapes (or “NEXTGEN”/”NEXGEN” search, as they were called not too long ago), were apparently implemented in May 2008, the same month the FAA received a request from the Office of Special Counsel to preserve all documents for key officials, including then-acting administrator Robert Sturgell. Weird, huh?

Review other litigation documents from Pardo v. FAA here.

Letter from Loretto: John Kiriakou Blows the Whistle on Compromised Washington Watchdogs

12:45 pm in Uncategorized by MSPB Watch

Now this is tricky, because these groups helped him navigate the treacherous waters of the mainstream media, with mixed results, during his prosecution and through his send-off to prison. So for John Kiriakou to say the following about groups like the Project on Government Oversight (and implicitly the Government Accountability Project), when they expect loyalty in return (Washington being a transactional town and all), is nothing short of astounding:

No one knows this better than John Kiriakou, the CIA agent who reported to federal prison two weeks ago for blowing the whistle on the agency’s use of torture. During an interview at an Arlington, Va., coffee shop, Kiriakou said the time has come for Washington watchdog groups—organizations like Public Citizen, Project on Government Oversight, Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, and others—to admit that President Obama hasn’t come close to making good on his promise to make government more transparent and accountable.

“Dan Ellsberg. He called me again last night,” said Kiriakou, referring to the man who in 1971 leaked the Pentagon Papers and opened the world’s eyes to the United States’ long involvement in Vietnam. “We talk about this all the time. He keeps asking me, ‘Where is the outrage? If this were a Republican administration, people would be in the streets, right? We would be marching in the streets. But people cut Obama a break to the point of irrationality.’ ”

This comes just a few days after this author sent Mr. Kiriakou a letter* urging him to consider who should speak on his behalf. Where it gets complicated is that GAP currently manages his legal defense fund, which is helping to support his family. That should continue unabated, regardless what insights Mr. Kiriakou shares with the world that prove uncomfortable for GAP and its cohorts.

*This author does not take any credit for this development. From his perspective, it is just a welcome coincidence.

Are Good Government Groups Quick to Praise the New Special Counsel?

10:42 pm in Uncategorized by MSPB Watch

Is it too soon to say things like:

With this remarkable record and the extraordinary leadership of Special Counsel Carolyn Lerner, we can expect that as disclosures continue to skyrocket and the caseload grows, [the Office of Special Counsel] will handle their investigations and litigation with utmost efficiency and integrity.

As the Project on Government Oversight did just this past week, or:

The track record under the helm of Special Counsel Carolyn Lerner, who assumed office in 2011, is equally as unprecedented as its increased caseload and having increased productivity by over 50% in the past few years[.]

As the Government Accountability Project did a few days ago?

Consider that there are a few grumbles that have arisen so far concerning OSC’s performance:

Let me be clear: OSC deserves credit for the evident turnaround since the Scott Bloch era. Persistent underfunding continues, in part because the groups mentioned above have not pushed for it before. But this post is not so much about OSC’s performance today, as it is about grounding laudatory statements (and the propensity to make them) with facts. The groups above have a history of jumping to award OSC leadership when, frankly, it did not deserve it. The pattern may be repeating itself here. Facts matter, and the jury is still out.

No Deterrence, No Transparency?

7:57 am in Uncategorized by MSPB Watch

Could a contributing factor to the 28 percent rise in FOIA litigation during President Barack Obama’s first term in office be that a little-known provision in the Freedom of Information Act has not been utilized?

That provision, found at 5 U.S.C. 552(a)(4)(F), calls for three actors to hold FOIA abusers accountable:

the courts, which may issue a finding that the circumstances surrounding an improper withholding “raise questions whether agency personnel acted arbitrarily or capriciously with respect to the withholding”;

the Special Counsel, which “shall promptly initiate a proceeding to determine whether disciplinary action is warranted against the officer or employee who was primarily responsible for the withholding”; and

the Attorney General, which has the responsibility of notifying the Special Counsel each time a court makes the determination above.

The Attorney General also has the responsibility of submitting an annual report to Congress on the number of times this has happened in the past year (this is a new provision, added by the OPEN Government Act of 2007).

I recently made a FOIA request to the Justice Department for these reports. Here is its response:

Please be advised that the Department of Justice annually submits to Congress a FOIA Litigation and Compliance Report, in compliance with 5 U.S.C. § 552(a)(4)(F)(ii)(II). These reports are made available online at For your information, once the calendar year 2012 report is submitted to Congress, it will be posted on this same website. Additionally, please note that information regarding notifications from the Attorney General to the Office of Special Counsel is provided on the final page of the report.

If you follow that link, and track the reports for 2008-2011, here’s what you will find:

2008: “During 2008, the United States courts made no written findings pursuant to 5 U.S.C. § 552(a)(4)(F)(i). Accordingly, no notification of the Special Counsel was necessary.”

2009: “During 2009, the United States courts made no written findings pursuant to 5 U.S.C. § 552(a)(4)(F)(i). Accordingly, no notification to the Special Counsel was necessary.”

2010: “During 2010, the United States courts made no written findings pursuant to 5 U.S.C. § 552(a)(4)(F)(i). Accordingly, no notification of the Special Counsel was necessary.”

2011: “During 2011, the United States courts made no written findings pursuant to 5 U.S.C. § 552(a)(4)(F)(i). Accordingly, no notification to the Special Counsel was necessary.”

So there you have it. No judicial findings since the OPEN Government Act was passed. No Special Counsel investigations. No discipline. And no deterrence. Is it any wonder we’re witnessing a 28% increase in FOIA lawsuits?

MSPB Watch Founder Sues FAA for Wrongfully Withholding Documents Detailing Whistleblower Retaliation

1:29 pm in Uncategorized by MSPB Watch

ALEXANDRIA, Virginia — MSPB Watch founder David Pardo filed a civil complaint in federal district court against the Federal Aviation Administration Jan. 4, alleging the aviation safety agency wrongfully withheld records that would “detail collusive practices by FAA officials to retaliate against a whistleblower, corrupt the legal process, and subvert the rule of law.”

FAA Seal

Did the Federal Aviation Administration illegally suppress whistleblowers?

The complaint, filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia under the Freedom of Information Act (“FOIA”), seeks a permanent injunction from the court directing the FAA to disclose all wrongfully withheld records.

Pardo is an attorney who was employed by the FAA until he was terminated in September 2010 after disclosing wrongdoing by FAA officials. Pardo submitted a FOIA request to the FAA on July 27, 2012, seeking records related to an assignment he worked on as an agency attorney that he believes has been “manipulated by FAA officials in the Office of Chief Counsel (“AGC”) and Flight Standards Service (“AFS”) to create a pretext for Plaintiff’s termination.”

The FAA’s Flight Standards Service initially responded to Pardo’s request with a fee estimate of $200 for 6 hours of search time, then an additional $50 for another hour, all of which Pardo agreed to pay. Approximately 10 weeks after receiving Pardo’s request, and after apparently conducting a 7-hour, $250 search, AFS came back largely empty-handed, saying it was “unable to locate any email records” between individuals involved in overseeing the assignment.

However, as noted in Pardo’s administrative appeal, “there seem to be positive indications of overlooked materials. A simple search for [certain key terms] in the inboxes of [named] AFS employees . . . would have yielded any number of a dozen or more responsive emails and attachments. This is corroborated by FOIA documents I have already obtained from non-AFS offices,” Pardo wrote.

A copy of the complaint is available here [PDF].

Follow the litigation, Docket No. 1:13-cv-14, here.

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The Office of Special Counsel Needs an Inspector General

7:07 am in Uncategorized by MSPB Watch

The Office of Special Counsel does not have an inspector general. In fact, it was only in 2008 (30 years after its founding) that OSC was given some measure of oversight, with an amendment to the IG Act of 1978 that allows complaints against the Special Counsel and Deputy Special Counsel to be brought before the Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency.

MSPB Watch has attempted to launch citizen oversight of OSC via a number of various FOIA requests. The earliest one, still pending, was made more than a year ago, on Dec. 15, 2011. After a number of rolling completion dates, this request is now scheduled for completion for the end of January 2013. It bears repeating that the Freedom of Information Act requires agencies to provide responsive documents within twenty days. An ambitious schedule, to be sure, but waiting a year or more for documents is problematic.

It’s even more problematic when one considers that OSC is tasked with investigating and prosecuting arbitrary and capricious withholding of FOIA documents. While no implication regarding motive is intended in the present case, OSC cannot credibly work to ensure transparency within other agencies if its own transparency and adherence to the FOIA are found lacking.

The counterargument, of course, is lack of resources, prioritization, caseloads, etc. But the case needs to be made that more resources are needed. Programs and policies need to be audited and evaluated, and recommendations need to be put into reports that are then taken into serious consideration by Congress. The basic fact is that citizen oversight, limited as it is, does not work if access to information is restricted by prolonged delays.

Update: An OSC official told MSPB Watch Dec. 20 that

OSC does not have an IG. At a time of diminished resources and a significant increase in work in all program areas, OSC is not able to create an IG position. That being said, OSC reviews program effectiveness and efficiency on an ongoing basis and issues various reports, including the recently issued Performance and Accountability report, which is posted at In the future, OSC might contract with other IGs to perform certain services.

Dissenters’ Digest for June 10-23

3:00 pm in Uncategorized by MSPB Watch

Stonewalled, Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-IA)

Dissenters’ Digest takes a look back at news stories covering whistleblowers, watchdogs, and government accountability. Look for it every other Saturday evening at

Contempt: A House committee voted to hold Attorney General Eric Holder in contempt for refusing to submit documents in connection with the Fast and Furious gunwalking scandal. President Obama invoked executive privilege, for the first time, to shield the documents from Congress. The measure may soon be presented to the House for a final vote. Meanwhile, Democrats are decrying the move as a political “witch hunt.”

Stonewalled: Senator Chuck Grassley is getting stonewalled by the Food and Drug Administration over an inquiry that it’s been spying on federal whistleblowers. The Senate and related House investigations were sparked by a lawsuit filed by six FDA whistleblowers who were allegedly targeted for surveillance. The National Whistleblowers Center is representing them in court. Relatedly, the Office of Special Counsel, which is also investigating the FDA over the same matter, released a memo this week to the federal government, urging agencies not to spy on whistleblowers. Doing so, the memo said, might lead OSC to conclude that retaliation is afoot.

Looking Backwards: President George W. Bush ignored a number of the CIA’s pre-9/11 warnings, according to new FOIA documents declassified and revealed this week.

Cover-Up: An Army Lt. General is accused of blocking a corruption probe in Afghanistan to help President Obama’s re-election.

Below the Fold:
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Dissenters’ Digest for May 20-June 9

4:00 pm in Uncategorized by MSPB Watch

(photo: caribbeanfreephoto/flickr)

Dissenters’ Digest takes a look back at the week’s stories covering whistleblowers, watchdogs, and government accountability. Look for it every other Saturday evening at .

Beyond Reproach: Efforts to pass the Whistleblower Protection Enhancement Act came under scrutiny this week after it was disclosed by the lead lobbyists that the bill will not contain any jury trial provisions, a long-sought reform. The admission came after the Make It Safe Campaign Steering Committee objected to an open letter to Congress which highlighted flaws in the current bill. However, grassroots efforts, led by this author, pointed out that the Steering Committee has failed to engage the whistleblower community and the public in its lobbying activities, as well as practice transparency and accountability, the values it publicly champions. It remains to be seen whether the Steering Committee will take heed of suggested reforms, the rejection of which may well cost it considerable influence and credibility with the lowest common denominator that truly matters: federal whistleblowers.

Below the Fold: Read the rest of this entry →

Dissenters’ Digest for April 29-May 5

4:00 pm in Uncategorized by MSPB Watch

(photo: Steven DePaulo/flickr)

Dissenters’ Digest takes a look back at the week’s stories covering whistleblowers, watchdogs, and government accountability. Look for it every Saturday evening at

Torture is Back in the News: The Government Accountability Project calls for the prosecution of admitted CIA torturer Jose Rodriguez, who recently crowed about destroying 92 video tapes of torture footage in a new book. Separately, Rodriguez alleges in his book that Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi lied about tacitly approving waterboarding in 2002, according to the Washington Post. Further, UCLA law professor and torture memos author John Yoo is immune from liability in the United States for the torture of Jose Padilla, according to a recent opinion from the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

Below the Fold:

–The Administrative Conference of the United States is teaming up with the U.S. Chamber of Commerce on regulatory reform. The Center for Progressive Reform objects.

–FBI whistleblower Sibel Edmonds overcomes FBI pre-approval for the publication of her book criticizing the FBI over 9/11 missteps.

–EPA whistleblower William Sanjour looks at why agencies fail to regulate properly, and offers prescriptive advice.

–The Department of Health and Human Services is in violation of the No FEAR Act of 2002, and has been since 2002, according to a recent Freedom of Information Act response.

–A federal court in New Orleans will preliminarily approve the $7.8 billion settlement with victims of the Deepwater Horizon Gulf oil spill.

–House Oversight Committee Chairman Darrell Issa is preparing a contempt of Congress charge against Attorney Eric Holder over the Fast and Furious gunwalking scandal.

–The Drug Enforcement Administration leaves a college student in a jail cell for five days without food or water.

–The Make It Safe Campaign, an umbrella group of whistleblower and government accountability advocates, is considering enfranchisement and open-process reforms following a general meeting last Tuesday.

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