Why talk about Bureaucracy? Because when the system doesn’t work everyone complains and blames the Bureaucracy.
We have just survived a regime of Cronyism where decisions were made in the Bureaucracy upon the principle that enriching the Connected and humoring the Idiot King was the wisest thing to do.
After all Bureaucrats do not have the vision of Strassusian (want to be Plato Philosopher Kings).\s
They gimmicked the system to get the results they wanted whether it was no bid military contracts for friends.
Or cooking the intelligence on Weapons of Mass Destruction with Ahmed Chalabi and Curveball two people the regular intelligence community did not trust for good reason.
But Vice President Cheney trusted them because they said what he wanted to hear Bureaucracy be dammed Cheney knew Iraq had WMD and he needed an excuse for war. The *cough* Philosopher King the true Nietzschean SuperMan can not be bound by facts his belief Creates Reality!
We all know how the Bush years turned out following the philosophy that government Bureaucracy is the problem and that *cough* Wise Bushy Philosopher Kings really do know what is best for everyone.
I think that neither Bureaucracy nor Philosopher Kings should be so arrogant to think that lying to people because they know better will not end up in failure.
That would be Hubris the source of all Greek tragedy the sin of having Pride of being greater than the Gods.

So what is Bureaucracy then? Well its a French word that means government of desks.

Bureaucracy is the structure and set of regulations in place to control activity, usually in large organizations and government. As opposed to adhocracy, it is represented by standardized procedure (rule-following) that dictates the execution of most or all processes within the body, formal division of powers, hierarchy, and relationships. In practice the interpretation and execution of policy can lead to informal influence.

Bureaucracy is a concept in sociology and political science referring to the way that the administrative execution and enforcement of legal rules are socially organized. Four structural concepts are central to any definition of bureaucracy:

1. a well-defined division of administrative labor among persons and offices,
2. a personnel system with consistent patterns of recruitment and stable linear careers,
3. a hierarchy among offices, such that the authority and status are differentially distributed among actors, and
4. formal and informal networks that connect organizational actors to one another through flows of information and patterns of cooperation.

Examples of everyday bureaucracies include governments, armed forces, corporations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), hospitals, courts, ministries and schools.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bureaucracy

To create a more responsive and effective bureaucracy, Louis instituted new administrative methods to strengthen his control.

* Weekly ministerial conferences
* Continuity in the top four ministries (finance, army, navy, public works), only sixteen ministers in fifty-four years of his personal reign
* Ministers chosen by ability not birth
* Intendants continued to rule the 36 generalités (provinces)–but they never served where they were born
* Financial reform of taxes

Colbert, as controller general, worked to improve the French economy through a policy called mercantilism–state intervention to create a self-sustaining economy. Colbert used an aggressive tariff policy to manipulate the import of raw materials and the export of manufactured goods to improve the balance of payments. He also fostered domestic trade and industry by improving communications (roads and canals), eliminating internal tolls, expanding the navy, increasing colonial trade through the East India Company and by subsidizing certain industries (tapestries and furniture).

The economic gains wrought by Colbert and the administrative improvements allowed Louis to pursue an activist foreign policy. Over the course of his long reign, the Sun King essentially confronted all of Europe at one time or another over his ambitions to secure the "natural" boundaries (Alps, Pyrenees, Rhine, Atlantic Ocean) of France. At his disposal, Louis had the largest and best standing army of the day (increased from a peacetime force of 20,000 to a wartime machine of 400,000 professionally-organized men).

http://www.nvcc.edu/home/cevans/Versailles/site/louisxiv.html

Why is this important because the Sun King much like Bush fought allot of wars and accomplished nothing at the end of his life.
In fact he told the next king not to be too found of war like he had been and instead take care of the people.
If the next King had listened a bit more he might have kept his head.
However getting back to the point the Bureaucracy was so well organized and managed the economy so well that the Sun King never had to worry about money.
Aside from fighting numerous wars this king also built Versailles.
Bush in 8 years and 2 wars however with his free markets regulate themselves better than the government can ideas has brought us to ruin.
Contrast this with the three major wars the Sun King fought that I can count and his 73 years on the throne.
Granted his successor was left with not enough cash or grain to buy his way out of the famine that preceded the French Revolution but still 73 years of reckless accomplish nothing foreign policy vs Bush’s 8 years of reckless accomplish nothing foreign policy.
A good well managed Bureaucracy is obviously superior to the Free Markets of Bush or even Reagan (average pay for workers went down during the Reagan years.)